Rose Diseases

RX-DK-CGG35901_fungal-disease_s4x3.jpg.rend.hgtvcom.1280.960Along with being susceptible to pests, roses are also prone to several infections The diseases can depend on the season, soil, fertilizer, and/or the climate. These plants mainly suffer from fungal, bacterial and viral diseases.

Fungal Diseases
One of the most common diseases is black spot due to which black-colored spots appear on the upper surface of the leaves. Due to this fungal disease, the leaves fall off at an early stage. Entire winter, these spots survive on the infected stem and leaves. Come spring, the infection spreads to the other new leaves of the plant, as the spores of this disease is splashed by the rainwater.

The next type is rust where the symptoms are small, orange-colored blisters that appear on the underside of the leaves. Just like black spots, it survives the entire winter and spreads to the new leaves during the spring rain. The spring and the summer seasons are favorable for this infection.

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Rose Propagation Methods

52e598b15a58d3c0bb6b568b62c7cc9eRosebush is an ornamental shrub which belongs to the family Rosaceae. Flowers vary in size and shape and have colors ranging from white, yellow, and red. Most of the species are native to Asia while a very small number is native to North America and Europe. Cultivars, hybrids, and species are extensively grown for their beauty and fragrance. These plants can range in size from compact, miniature to climbers. The climbers are known to reach a height of 7 meters. There are around 20 known species and a large number of varieties in particular hybrid kinds.

Propagating Roses

The propagation of roses can be performed by different ways, such as by layering (for hardwood species), by grafting (for sarmentous rosebush and hybrids), from cuttings, by seeding (for all species-giving grains), and by in vitro method.

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Transplanting Roses

vvYou have a beautifully exquisite garden of roses that evokes much pride and warmth in your heart. But with the construction of a rock garden on the site of the bushes, there is no other choice but that of transplanting the roses. Of course, an even more beautiful garden of roses awaits you… on the other side. But there’s always the fear, the doubt about transplanting rose bushes well enough so that they aren’t harmed and continue to bloom the way they did in their original position. So I get that you’re in the need of knowing the correct methods of transplanting roses. Let’s get you those in the following sections.

Transplanting a Rose Bush

Transplanting the rose bushes should be done properly so that the roses continue to bloom. For this, varied factors like the variety of roses and the time of the year will come into play. Let us try and understand what some of these factors are.

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Pruning Roses for Winter

2a4220096121915cf01da8d189530ef0While caring for roses in winter, you need to take care of other factors too apart from pruning. You need to get rid of any fallen leaves or weed near the plant. Also, you need to protect the graft union, by circling the rose with wire and covering it with mulch. Watering the soil around the plants after the first frost is also a good idea, as the plant will have to take care of itself once the ground freezes.

How and When to Prune Roses for Winter

Pruning roses in order to prepare them for the winter season should be done late in the fall. In spring, the rose shrub will be blossoming with many flowers. At the end of the season, let all the foliage be on the plant. The flowers will get converted into hips, which will give the plant an indication that it is finished growing for this season, and it will go into dormancy. So, observe the plant to check for full dormancy, or when it has shed off all its leaves. This is the right time for the plant to be pruned and prepared for the winter.
While pruning roses, it is important that you never cut the main stem which is the trunk of the plants (not in case of climber roses plants). Light pruning allows many flowers to grow, wherein only stubs are removed. Moderate pruning offers larger blossoms, but fewer in numbers. While for exhibition-size blooms, the bush is pruned severely, and the number of blooms is reduced a lot. For gardening purposes, moderate pruning is advised.
To start pruning, gather the required garden tools, which are bypass pruning shears and long handled loppers. Also, a pair of thick and long gloves are required to protect your hands from any scratches. Apply a little bit of alcohol on the tools to make them sterile.
Now, check for any diseased, damaged, dry, and old branches. Observe if the plant has any suckers growing. Also, look at old and dry canes. These are things which need to be pruned out from the plants.
Moving to the actual steps, grab the shears/loppers and start making clean cuts to rid the plant of unwanted branches and canes. Making a clean cut means cutting the stem at a 45° angle in outer direction from the center of the plant, and just a bit above the leaf bud.
First, start pruning out stems that have hips or dried flowers on them; then start cutting dry stems or stems which have no leaves on them. Now, slowly progress to the lower part of the plant, and cut down dry or diseased branches. While cutting, try to maintain an open vase-like shape of the plant. Then, slowly progress to the desired pruning height of the plant., and finally get rid of the suckers growing on the ground.
Whenever making a cut on the plant, remember to do two things: Always check if the cut you have made shows a white plant tissue in the stem., which means that it is healthy. If you see the inside of the stem to be brown, then it means that the stem is dry or dead. In this case, keep cutting it further till the white part is revealed. Rubbing a bit of alcohol between each cut, or painting the areas where you made the cut, will prevent any insects from infesting the plant.

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White Rose Meaning

fdfThe rose is one flower that has a rich history, compared to any other flower. For centuries, the rose has been used to symbolize the deep feelings of love and pure emotions. It conveys more than could be spoken through words. It has been a symbol of confidentiality, that gave rise to the Latin phrase sub rosa. This simply means something spoken in secret.

As Per Myths

The meanings of the white rose in myths and legends are aplenty. According to Greek mythology, all roses were originally white in color. It then magically developed in other colors, tones, and hues. When Aphrodite, the Goddess of Love and Beauty, was pricked by its thorn, her blooded dripped on the white petals, turning them red. When a beautiful maid kissed it lovingly, it blushed, and turned pink. Hence, these myths and legends point towards the loss of innocence. As a result, this white variety stands for innocence and purity.

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